Published October 6, 2005
by Bedford/St. Martin"s .
|Series||The Bedford Series in History and Culture|
|Contributions||William J. Connell (Editor), Daniel Gordon (Editor)|
|The Physical Object|
En route to the house of the prince of Transylvania on the shore of the Propontis, Candide, the baron, Pangloss, Martin, and Cacambo talked at length about their adventures, reasoned on the contingent and non-contingent events of the world, argued about causes and effects, moral and physical evil, and free will and necessity. Voltaire's Candide, Or, The Optimist. And Rasselas, Prince of Abyssinia Volume 19 of Morley's universal library: Author: Voltaire: Contributor: Henry Morley: Publisher: G. Routledge and Sons, 5/5(1). Candide is a French satire first published in by Voltaire, a philosopher of the Age of Enlightenment. The novella has been widely translated, with English versions titled Candide: or, All for the Best, Candide: or, The Optimist and Candide: s: 2. Candide () shows his elegant command of language, whose potential for satire and argument had been demonstrated by Pascal’s Provincial Letters of a century before. With astute judgment, he worked on the reader’s sensibilities.
The old woman tells her story. It turns out that she is the daughter of Pope Urban X and the princess of Palestrina. She was raised in the midst of incredible wealth. At fourteen, already a stunning beauty, she was engaged to the prince of Massa Carrara. The two of them loved each another passionately. However, during the lavish wedding celebration, the prince’s mistress killed the prince with a . Candide is sort of like the grown-up Little Prince. He looks at everything with an optimistic mind but on his travels he encounters many difficult situations and his resolve begins to waver. It offers a powerful insight into the true human condition veiled by the tale of a naive traveller. Niccoló Machiavelli wrote The Prince in , but it wasn’t published until , five years after his death. This portrait of the author, by Santi di Tito, hangs in the Palazzo Vecchio in Florence, Italy. In a recent interview with the New York Times, Pulitzer Prize–winning author Jared Diamond was asked which book he would require President Obama to read if he could. Candide is an operetta with music composed by Leonard Bernstein, based on the novella of the same name by Voltaire. The operetta was first performed in with a libretto by Lillian Hellman; but since it has been generally performed with a book by Hugh Wheeler which is more faithful to Voltaire's novel. The primary lyricist was the poet Richard Wilbur. Other contributors to the text were .
When Prince undertook Candide in , he had Hugh Wheeler rewrite the book. Cuts and additions were made to the score, and Stephen Sondheim provided some additional lyrics. But the show could. Candide reflects Voltaire’s lifelong aversion to Christian regimes of power and the arrogance of nobility, but it also criticizes certain aspects of the philosophical movement of the Enlightenment. It attacks the school of optimism that contends that rational thought can curtail the evils perpetrated by human beings. The Prince is a political treatise by Niccolo Machiavelli, written in and first published in It describes how to acquire power, create a state, and keep it, and it represents Machiavelli’s effort to provide a guide for political action based on history and his own experience as a statesman. By the time Hal Prince revived the show in the '70s with a circus-like theme, in a small Brooklyn theater, Hellman was fed up with Candide. Oddly .